Jeff Soan’s Ikaria 1974 – tools for bread making

Bread and tools for making it.

(carrying on from page ‘PITHARI’ -FOORNICE oven)
A ‘pithari’ laid on its side and packed…
… filled with sand to a level coinciding with the lip of the ‘pithari’; then red clay packed on top to a height that gives maximum of floor space and height (usually just below center). The clay is left to harden and then ‘fired’ to a high temperature using brushwood. Ground glass can then be sprinkled to give a smooth bottom. I use the ashes are pulled to the front and a stone placed at the ‘door’ of the oven. In addition, a lower door may be let it to apply extra heat during cooking.

Tools for bread making:
‘PANA’ or ‘PANISMA’ – Scraper for pulling ashes to the front of oven. Ferns bunched and tied to the end of a stick to brush small bits of charcoal.
‘PSOMOPHTIARO’ – Wooden spade for maneuvering dough and bread.


After the initial use of baker’s yeast for the first batch of bread a handful of dough is kept back for future use, stored in a suitable container to prevent too much drying (a half coconut shell is excellent for this). On the night before baking the dough is mixed with a little water (at blood heat) and covered with…

Jeff Soan’s Ikaria 1974 – Ayia Kiriaki
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